Adderall Psychosis: Signs & Treatment
Prescription drugs are meant to help people deal with the symptoms of an illness or disease. Adderall, for example, is designed to help people with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
People with ADHD struggle to focus, which can affect their ability to succeed in school or on the job. Adderall is a stimulant medication, and in people with ADHD, it can bring about the focus that’s been missing.
For people without ADHD, Adderall can spark a sense of wellness, energy, and happiness. It can also cause side effects, including psychosis and paranoia.
This article will discuss the symptoms of Adderall psychosis, treatment options, and how to get help if you or someone you love has lost control of their stimulant use.
What Adderall Psychosis Looks Like
In a study in the journal BMC Psychiatry, researchers report that psychosis sparked by amphetamines may cause symptoms such as:
- Hearing voices and sounds others can’t hear.
- Suspicion and paranoia.
- Disorganized thoughts.
- Feelings of persecution.
These are very similar to the symptoms someone might experience due to schizophrenia psychosis. The only difference is that psychosis caused by drugs tends to pass by a little quicker than the psychosis caused by schizophrenia.
In a second study in the American Journal of Psychiatry, researchers outline the case of a young person who experienced Adderall psychosis. This boy described hearing voices and also described suicidal thoughts.
These side effects can be scary and dangerous, and someone who experiences them may need professional treatment or hospitalization to recover.
How Psychosis Is Treated
About 18% of people with amphetamine psychosis have psychotic symptoms that are mild, and they do not need hospitalization to recover, according to a study published in Cochrane. Only a small minority needs emergency care.
Medications used to help people recover from schizophrenia psychosis are also effective in helping people recover from amphetamine psychosis. Those medications must be prescribed by provider, which means families that see signs of psychosis in a loved one should get the help of a medical professional.
Therapies that address psychosis may not address the addiction. People who abuse or misuse amphetamines may have intense cravings for the drugs when they try to stop using them, and may be at high risk of relapse without professional treatment.
Enrolling in a medical detox program is often the first step on the road to recovery, so the psychosis and drug addiction can be safely managed and monitored by medical staff.
After detox, patients can move on to more comprehensive rehab treatment, including inpatient drug rehab and/or outpatient addiction treatment, where they develop the thought patterns, life habits, and self-care techniques that help sustain long-term recovery.
Risk of Adderall Psychosis
Anyone who abuses a stimulant like Adderall is at risk for a psychotic episode. The drug disrupts chemical pathways in the brain, leading to a misinterpretation of sensory information. That disconnect between the senses and the brain causes psychosis.
Additionally, research from the American Academy of Pediatrics suggests that people with a family history of psychotic symptoms are at higher risk of Adderall psychosis than people with no family history of psychosis.
As a result, families that do have this history and are concerned about a loved one should be extra vigilant and contact a doctor if symptoms arise.
Getting Help for Adderall Psychosis & Addiction
Seeing someone you love experience psychosis can be difficult and frightening. But focusing on the future can help.
Through support and quality, evidence-based care, families can break the cycle of addiction cycle and get treatment that works.
If you or a loved one is struggling with the devastating side effects of addiction and unsure of where to turn, call us at .
Oxford Treatment Center, American Addiction Centers’ drug addiction treatment center in Mississippi, is ready to help you begin the path to recovery today.
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