Group Therapy vs. Individual Therapy
Various therapies are used during addiction treatment with many of them being a form of psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy.1 Patients typically participate in a combination of group therapy and individual therapy. To help you better understand the difference between them, this article will define group therapy and individual therapy as well as share the pros and cons of each.
What Is Group Therapy?
Group therapy is the treatment of psychological problems in a setting that includes two or more participants along with a therapist who facilitates the group. During group therapy, participants interact with each other and share their problems and concerns.2
The therapist fosters an environment of mutual respect and understanding where participants can gain a better understanding of themselves, strengthen their self-respect, and improve interpersonal relationships.2
Typically, the number of therapists running group sessions is one or two; however, some special cases may require more therapists or assistants to run particular types of groups.
The size of the group being treated will vary, depending on the type of therapy being delivered and on several other factors. For example, most often, marital therapy (a type of group therapy where spouses are being treated) typically consists of only two clients.
Group therapy for substance use disorders may consist of 10 or more individuals, depending on the therapist. In general, research indicates that the most effective groups typically have a maximum number of 6-12 clients; however, depending on the nature of the group, there may be more than 20 individuals.
Types of Group Therapy
Group therapy can consist of many different approaches including:3
- Psychoeducational group therapy—Learning about substance use.
- Interpersonal process group therapy—Exploring developmental issues that lead to addiction or hold them back from recovery.
- Skills development group therapy—Developing coping skills and other necessary skills that help them sustain abstinence.
- Cognitive behavioral group therapy—Learning to identify and change thoughts and actions that lead a person to use substances.
- Support groups—Sharing experiences and gaining insight by learning from others who struggle with similar issues.
Group Therapy: Advantages and Disadvantages
As mentioned above, group therapy consists of a number of different conditions where one or more therapists treat at least two individuals in the same session. This type of therapy has its pros and cons.
Advantages of Group Therapy
Group therapy offers some specific advantages that make it attractive for both the therapist and the clients being treated. According to scholarly sources, such as The Handbook of Group Counseling and Psychotherapy, these are benefits of individuals working together in groups and do not necessarily indicate that group therapy is superior in any way to individual therapy (see below).4
There are various benefits that can occur as a result of group processes:5
- Individuals begin to understand that they are not alone in their issues, and other people have similar issues and struggles. This results in the development of a sense of identity, belongingness, and the release of tension and stress.
- Individuals in group therapy receive support from other people and are also able to give support to other members. Receiving and giving support develops a broader therapeutic alliance and a shared sense of goals that fosters improvement.
- Individuals in group therapy find that they often have fewer reservations about discussing their issues with others because they can identify with the members of the group.
- Individuals in groups develop insight into their own issues and greater self-awareness by listening to others who have similar problems.
- Being in a group fosters the development of communication abilities, social skills, and results in individuals being able to learn to accept criticism from others.
- Group therapy sessions are generally more affordable than individual therapy sessions.
- Individuals in groups often make lifelong connections with other members of the group.
Disadvantages of Group Therapy
While there are some advantages to the group therapy process, there are also some weaknesses associated with group therapy.
- The attention of the therapist is spread across the members of the group. This means that individuals will not receive focused treatment, and some individuals may take up disproportionate amounts of time with their own issues.
- People in group therapy sessions risk having other confidential issues spread by other group members outside the group. Although it is continually emphasized that what is discussed in the group needs to remain in the group, there is no guarantee that some individuals will adhere to this confidentiality.
- Even though the therapeutic alliance in the group therapy environment is broader, it is not as focused on any single individual.
- Because group therapy sessions must accommodate many individuals, there is less opportunity to fit the therapy sessions into one’s personal schedule.
- Some individuals in groups may not be motivated to participate and will simply let the others in the group contribute.
- Whenever there are groups of people, there is the chance that certain subgroups will form within the larger group. If the therapist does not check this, the development of small alliances within the group can impede the group’s progress.
- Certain individuals are not appropriate for group therapy. Often, individuals who are extremely manipulative, aggressive, shy, impulsive, or suffering from active psychosis are not appropriate for groups. In addition, some individuals are not appropriate for certain types of groups. For instance, a blue-collar worker may feel out of place in a group full of physicians and college professors.
What Is Individual Therapy?
Individual therapy is the treatment of psychological problems in a private setting where a therapist works one-on-one with a patient. During individual therapy, the approach and process are tailored to the patient’s individual needs. Sessions focus on exploring problems and working on ways to alleviate symptoms.6
Types of Individual Therapy
The following are different types of individual therapies used to treat addiction:7
- Cognitive behavioral therapy—Learning how to identify and change negative behaviors by developing coping skills.8
- Contingency Management (CM)—Patients receive rewards as positive reinforcement when they remain abstinent.9
- Motivational Interviewing (MI)—Helps patients resolve ambivalence about their commitment to recovery. Patients gain increased intrinsic motivation to change their substance use behavior.10
- Integrative or holistic therapy—Focuses on the whole person and uses therapeutic and lifestyle approaches for healing. These can include mindfulness, yoga, music and art therapy, and recreational therapies.11
Individual Therapy: Advantages and Disadvantages
As mentioned above, individual psychotherapy occurs when there is one individual being treated by one or more therapists. Much like group therapy, there are both advantages and disadvantages to individual therapy.
Advantages of Individual Therapy
There are several advantages to participating in individual therapy sessions:12
- The client receives the full attention of the therapist and is able to work with the therapist on a one-on-one basis. This results in a very focused and intense therapeutic experience.
- The client gets direct feedback on their progress from the therapist, and the therapist has a more complete understanding of the client’s progress.
- The therapeutic alliance is strongest in individual sessions.
- The client can be assured that the therapist will maintain the confidentiality of the treatment sessions and that no one else will learn about their issues.
- Treatment in individual sessions is much more comprehensive and intense.
- The pace that the therapist and client work at can be tailored to suit the needs of the specific client. This cannot be achieved in group sessions because the pace is often adjusted to meet the needs of the slowest members.
- Meeting times for therapy sessions can be arranged to fit the client’s schedule and can be adjusted depending on specific circumstances, whereas this is not the case for group sessions.
Disadvantages of Individual Therapy
Some of the relative weaknesses of individual psychotherapy follow:
- Individual sessions are typically more costly than group sessions.
- While being the sole focus of attention can be considered an advantage to individual sessions, it can also be disadvantageous to some individuals. Some people may wish to have a little “camouflage” initially until they can adjust to the therapeutic environment.
- Some individuals who have issues with motivation may struggle when they are the sole focus of attention.
- The client only gets the viewpoint of the therapist and does not get multiple viewpoints.
The Effectiveness of Group Therapy vs. Individual Therapy
In general, the majority of the research suggests that individual therapy and group therapy are effective for treating nearly every type of problem, psychological disorder, or issue that is addressed within a therapeutic or counseling environment.
Some individuals may be more suited to working in groups based on the above discussion of the strengths of group therapy, whereas others may be more suited to working in individual situations.
In addition, a number of different therapeutic paradigms, such as dialectical behavior therapy, use both group and individual therapy, and individuals benefit from both.
The choice to become involved in group or individual therapy will depend on a number of different factors, including affordability, one’s comfort level with discussing problems in front of other individuals, and the type of intervention being used. Neither form of therapy is “better” than the other, but both represent different approaches to reaching the same goal.
Find Professional Therapy With Licensed Therapists at Oxford
At Oxford Treatment Center, patients participate in both individual and group therapy sessions. The experienced clinical team employs evidence-based therapies proven to effectively treat substance use disorder. If you or someone you love are ready for recovery, call to start the rehab admissions process or to learn more about inpatient addiction treatment or outpatient treatment options.
Compassionate admissions navigators are available 24/7 to answer your questions and help you determine your drug and alcohol rehab insurance coverage. If you are without insurance, there are other rehab payment options available to cover the cost of outpatient or inpatient drug and alcohol rehab in Mississippi. You can easily check your coverage by filling out the confidential now.